btvstack.exe – What is it and why is it seeking permission in skype?

skype logo

In your first run of skype you may get a little puzzled when you see the following in the top of skype window:

what is btvstack.exe why is skype asking to allow permission

The message is: “BtvStack.exe wants to use skype”

If you see this – there is nothing to worry. It is actually the bluetooth driver in your computer which is trying to access Skype – so that if you’d like use Skype with Bluetooth headset. So, it is safe to allow btvstack.exe to access to your Skype.

You may Allow access if you intend to use any such bluetooth device with your skype. otherwise you may Deny access.  However, you may change this setting in future from: Tools -> Options -> Advanced -> Advanced Settings: Now select “Manage Other Programs’ access to Skype”.

skype advanced settings other programs access

You may Allow or deny API access control from here.

skype advanced settings other programs access api access control

If you’ve read this post – you are a security concerned person. Now a days many a person ignores small issues like these and suffer a lot later on. Although the issue I am talking about is harmless – but there are many other programs which are not safe for your computer or mobile devices. If you are not sure about something -always try searching in the Internet for reference.

ConfigServer installation IPtables problem in OpenVZ or Virtuozzo (solved!)

ConfigServer Firewall (AKA csf) is an essential security tool for Linux based server and VPS.

The installation of CSF is pretty straight forward and is described here: http://configserver.com/free/csf/install.txt

However, some of the iptables modules required by the csf might not be present in the server and when the perl test command ( # perl /usr/local/csf/bin/csftest.pl ) is run in the VPS container while installing csf – the following fatal error may be encountered:

[root@vps-xyz ~]# perl /etc/csf/csftest.pl
Testing ip_tables/iptable_filter…OK
Testing ipt_LOG…FAILED [ 4294967295] – Required for csf to function
Testing ipt_multiport/xt_multiport…FAILED [FATAL Error: iptables: Unknown error 4294967295] – Required for csf to function
Testing ipt_REJECT…OK
Testing ipt_state/xt_state…FAILED [FATAL Error: iptables: Unknown error 4294967295] – Required for csf to function
Testing ipt_limit/xt_limit…FAILED [FATAL Error: iptables: Unknown error 4294967295] – Required for csf to function
Testing ipt_recent…FAILED [Error: iptables: Unknown error 4294967295] – Required for PORTFLOOD and PORTKNOCKING features
Testing xt_connlimit…FAILED [Error: iptables: Unknown error 4294967295] – Required for CONNLIMIT feature
Testing ipt_owner/xt_owner…FAILED [Error: iptables: Unknown error 4294967295] – Required for SMTP_BLOCK and UID/GID blocking features
Testing iptable_nat/ipt_REDIRECT…FAILED [Error: iptables v1.3.5: can’t initialize iptables table `nat’: Table does not exist (do you need to insmod?)] – Required for MESSENGER feature
Testing iptable_nat/ipt_DNAT…FAILED [Error: iptables v1.3.5: can’t initialize iptables table `nat’: Table does not exist (do you need to insmod?)] – Required for csf.redirect feature

SOLUTION:

To resolve the issue – You’ll need to have access to your Hardware node (main server – not the VPS container). If you do not have access to the main server you may provide this guide to your VPS provider. Now you need to do the following steps:

1. First, you need to define required iptables modules are available for VPS.
Edit /etc/sysconfig/iptables-config file on the Hardware Node (Main server) and make sure you have the following:

IPTABLES_MODULES="ipt_REJECT ipt_tos ipt_TOS ipt_LOG ip_conntrack ipt_limit ipt_multiport iptable_filter iptable_mangle ipt_TCPMSS ipt_tcpmss ipt_ttl ipt_length ipt_state iptable_nat ip_nat_ftp"

Edit /etc/sysconfig/vz file:

IPTABLES="ipt_REJECT
ipt_tos ipt_TOS ipt_LOG ip_conntrack ipt_limit ipt_multiport iptable_filter iptable_mangle ipt_TCPMSS ipt_tcpmss ipt_ttl ipt_length ipt_state iptable_nat ip_nat_ftp"

2. Restart Virtuozzo/OpenVZ:

# service vz restart

3. execute the command (Assuming your VPS’s CTID is 1001):

# vzctl set 1001 --netfilter full --save --setmode restart

4. Now run the perl test command once again in the VPS container and you should see the result successful:

root@vps-xyz [~]# perl /usr/local/csf/bin/csftest.pl
Testing ip_tables/iptable_filter...OK
Testing ipt_LOG...OK
Testing ipt_multiport/xt_multiport...OK
Testing ipt_REJECT...OK
Testing ipt_state/xt_state...OK
Testing ipt_limit/xt_limit...OK
Testing ipt_recent...OK
Testing xt_connlimit...OK
Testing ipt_owner/xt_owner...OK
Testing iptable_nat/ipt_REDIRECT...OK
Testing iptable_nat/ipt_DNAT...OK

RESULT: csf should function on this server

5. Finally restart CSF:

# Service csf restart